The basic premise of the 12-step model is that people can help one another achieve and maintain abstinence from the substance or behaviors to which they are addicted.
The 12-Step model gives people a framework from which to surrender their addiction, process their experience, and move forward into new patterns.
1) Admitting powerlessness over
2) Believing that a higher power (in whatever form) can help
3) Deciding to turn control over to a higher power
4) Taking a personal inventory
5) Admitting to a higher power, oneself, and another person the wrongs did
6) Being ready to have a higher power correct any shortcomings in one's character
7) Asking the higher power to remove those shortcomings
8) Making a list of wrongs done to others and being willing to make amends for those wrongs
9) Contacting those who have been hurt unless doing so would harm the person
10) Continuing to take personal inventory and admitting when one is wrong
11) Seeking enlightenment and connection with the higher power via prayer mediation
12) Carrying the message of the 12-step to others in need